What Natural Gas Petroleum Engineering Involves
Natural gas petroleum engineering is a very interesting field that revolves around earth science. It involves nearly every aspect associated with gas and oil resources beginning with finding natural reserves. With the earth’s natural resources depleting at an alarming rate, finding these resources has become increasingly difficult. For this reason, these engineers must travel all over the globe in search of valuable natural reserves they can tap into.
While these travels can take engineers to some of the most beautiful and amazing places in the world, the environment in which these scientists do their research is not always pleasant. It can also take them to some of the most frigid regions on earth where the temperatures are unbearable or some of the hottest, driest deserts on the globe.
Gas petroleum engineers use earth science skills such as a combination of engineering and geological data to help them determine where these resources are most likely to be. After finding natural reserves, getting them to the surface is the next phase of gas petroleum engineering.
The Removal of Natural Gas Petroleum
Once petroleum engineers find natural gas and oil reserves, they will evaluate the site to determine if the quality and quantity of the resource is enough to invest the time and money needed to extract it. When the engineers conclude it is worth the expense, the next step in the process is to determine the best way to get the product to the surface, while doing as little damage as possible to the environment. At this time, there are two methods are used.
Drilling is the main way to bring these resources to the surface. It involves drilling a tunnel that runs to the resource and placing pipes inside the tunnel to pump the oil or gas back to the surface and into a special storage container.
Producing is the second method and it’s used when the resources are under pressure. Sometimes, these pockets of gas will erupt on their own because the pressure building up underneath the ground will push the gas or oil to the surface naturally. Engineers have developed ways to catch and store the gas as it’s being released. If the pressure is not strong enough naturally to push the gas to the surface, special tools are used to help make it erupt.
The Refining and Distribution of Natural Gas Petroleum
Natural gas petroleum engineering also involves the refining and distribution of this product. The gas and oil extracted is not ready for use. It’s often a mixture of several components such as oil, gas and water. These components have to be separated and refined before it can be used.
Not only are petroleum engineers responsible for refining the product but they also create the design and help develop the plants capable of handling this process. Once the refining stage is complete, the distribution of this product follows.
How Natural Gas Petroleum Engineering Is Changing
The world is changing and everyone is concerned about the depletion of the earth’s natural resources. For this reason, many natural gas petroleum engineers are searching for ways to create clean energy, without all the harmful carbon emissions fossil fuels produce.
Natural gas petroleum is used to make gasoline but it’s also used to make oil for home furnaces, propane, kerosene, diesel fuel and jet fuel. On top of those major uses, this product is also used in hundreds of items we use every day. Petroleum is used to make all types of plastics from kid’s toys to those storage containers sitting in your kitchen cabinet.
Natural gas petroleum engineering is responsible for many of the modern day conveniences that most take for granted. The process of finding, extracting, refining and distributing petroleum is long and requires dedication from the engineers who choose this profession. However, without them and gas petroleum engineering, the world would change drastically.
Lisa Mason is a professional writer and content marketer who often writes about natural gas and eco friendly topics. She often refers to Dr. Ali Ghalambor for references, one of the foremost figures in the oil and gas industry.